Conceived and designed the experiments: JG XZ. Performed the experiments: JG YG. Wrote the paper: JG XZ. Critically revised the manuscript: XZ JG.
Physical Activity and Adults
WHO | Physical Activity and Adults
Persons with Down syndrome DS have reduced peak and submaximal exercise capacity. Because ambulation is one predictor of survival among adults with DS, a review of the current knowledge of the causes, effects, and management of reduced exercise capacity in these individuals would be important. Available data suggest that reduced exercise capacity in persons with DS results from an interaction between low peak oxygen uptake VO 2peak and poor exercise economy. Of several possible explanations, chronotropic incompetence has been shown to be the primary cause of low VO 2peak in DS. In contrast, poor exercise economy is apparently dependent on disturbed gait kinetics and kinematics resulting from joint laxity and muscle hypotonia.
The benefits of exercise to a Down’s Syndrome population
Overtraining Syndrome OTS is becoming increasingly common in athletes at all levels. Part of this increase relates to improved awareness and diagnosis, but a significant factor is the cumulative and synergistic impact of athletic stress and lifestyle stress. Preventative management and early recognition are essential to ensure the condition does not progress to a potentially dangerous and sport-ending stage. Overtraining Syndrome OTS describes a combination of physical and mental abnormalities that results from cumulative high-level physical activity that is not accompanied by adequate recovery. OTS is generally used to refer to an abnormal and persistent state characterized by physical, mental, hormonal and immunological dysfunction.
In adults aged 18—64, physical activity includes leisure time physical activity for example: walking, dancing, gardening, hiking, swimming , transportation e. In order to improve cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness, bone health, reduce the risk of NCDs and depression:. For further information click below and download the complete document "Global Recommendations on Physical Activity for Health" available in:. These recommendations are relevant to all healthy adults aged 18—64 years unless specific medical conditions indicate to the contrary.